Using Baby Sleeping Bags

Baby sleeping on her back in a merino kid's sleeping bag
The Merino Kids Baby Sleep Bag has a five star review on Amazon. See below for a full range of baby sleeping bag options.

Do you worry that your baby is too warm or too cold at night? Or perhaps check on her sometimes only to find she’s pulled the covers over her face? Or you go into your crying toddler to find he’s completely uncovered and freezing?

The answer to all these dilemmas is to put your baby to bed in a specially designed baby sleeping bag, with an appropriate TOG rating. Baby sleeping bags (also called sleep sacks) can even be good when you bring your baby into bed to feed her. By having her on top of the covers you can be sure she isn’t going to get her head covered, and you can have the blankets pulled all the way up to just under your breasts. So you both stay warm, without risk.

A baby sleeping bag is easy to use. It is not unlike a regular sleeping bag, except that it has arm holes (or sleeves) and a neck opening that is small enough that your baby’s head can’t end up inside the sleeping bag.

You can get sleeping bags for babies with arms and without, with zips up the front or the side, with two way zippers (so that you can undo it from the bottom only if you need to change a nappy in the night), in winter or summer weights.

What weight of sleeping bag should you get?

Most articles on baby sleep recommend keeping the room at a constant temperature, which makes choosing a sleeping bag based on TOG ratings seem simple, and makes sleeping bags with no arms quite effective. However often bedrooms are not at a constant temperature all night, and particularly once your baby is a bit older* many parents balk at keeping the house at a constant 16 or 18 degrees all night in winter. In this case you will probably want to get a sleeping bag with arms for your baby or toddler, or you might find you are waking up to a cold crying baby at 5am.

It is, however, important that your baby is does not overheat, as this has been implicated in increased risk of SIDS. So do not choose a sleeping bag that is extra warm, just in case your baby’s room cools down. Instead, especially during the first year of life, it is ideal if you can keep the room relatively warm over night and dress your baby appropriately.

To determine what weight of sleeping bag you need, check out our TOG rating page, which also gives you an idea of how to dress your baby under the sleeping bag, depending on the temperature. Don’t forget to put socks on your baby, as cold feet can wake anyone up!

Note, however, that not all sleeping bags have TOG ratings, especially the cheaper ones. Without this rating though, it can be very hard to know just how warm the bag is keeping your child, so I would always recommend looking for a bag with a TOG rating.

*So called baby sleeping bags are really routinely used for toddlers up to two or three years old, and there are even sleep suits with legs for up to four or five year olds.

Other considerations

Seatbelt hole: Some sleeping bags have a hole below the bottom of the zip for slipping the crotch strap of a car seat or pram through. This can be great if you are likely to be taking your baby out at night and want to be able to transfer her from the car to her bed without waking her, or if she is going to be sleeping in the pram with any frequency.

However, my baby’s have all got their feet stuck out these holes on occasion, and woken up! So if you are not likely to use the belt gap, I would get a sleeping bag without, or even consider having one of each.

baby sleeping with knees drawn up in stripey light blue sleeping bag
Merino Kids Baby Sleep Bag, Natural Merino Wool Sleep Sack, available for Babies, 0-2 Years, and Toddlers, 2-4 Years – Lots of options!

Zip location: Some baby sleeping bags have the zip at the side, but most have it up the front. The advantage to having it at the side is that the zipper is not going to flip up and stick into your baby’s neck (though I suppose it could stab him under his arm!). Also, older toddlers are less likely to undo the zip this way, though that is not something I had trouble with with any of my children. For those that zip up the front, some sleeping bags have a flap of material with a snap to go over the top of the zipper. Other’s have just a tiny flap of material that the zipper is supposed to slip under, but in my experience these don’t work all that well. Look for one with the snap up flap. This will also prevent an older baby from unzipping their own sleeping bag.

Popular brands

There are many popular brands of baby sleep sack, with perhaps the most popular being Grobags. In fact, if you are buying a ‘Grobag’ second hand, make sure it is genuine – many people use grobag as a generic term for baby sleeping bag. Halo sleep sacks are also poular, though they do not have TOG ratings. Merino Kids do a 100% merino wool sleeping bag (pictured above and to the left), which is said to help baby regulate temperature. While they don’t have TOG ratings, they do a winter weight bag for rooms of 59F-68F and a year round bag for rooms at 64F-75F overnight.

Baby Sleeping Bags are becoming as popular in the US and Canada as they are in the UK.

In warmer weather a TOG rating of 0.5 to 1.5 is appropriate in most regions.

Stressful Nights: Understanding Your Baby’s Sleep Cycle

The Baby Sleep Book by William Sears et al, with a forward by Dr James McKennaHere’s a well-known fact: Your baby needs more sleep than you do. In fact, babies spend two-thirds of their day sleeping to help their brain make the proper connections. This only happens during sufficient sleep time.

However, your baby’s sleep is often interrupted making you sleepless at night. It’s not because they can’t sleep a full, long stretch but because they need to wake up to be fed or be made comfortable (changing time).

Usually, the average time your baby will sleep is be between 14-16 hours. Their sleeping routine starts out with short sleep and wake cycles with longer wake-up cycles during the night for feeding and changing time. But then as your baby grows older, their sleeping time is gradually reduced, as are their night wakings. By the time that they’re 18-24 months old, their sleeping hours have likely been reduced to 11-13 hours.

The stages of your baby’s sleep

Just like the normal adult, your babies experience different stages of sleep. To understand that better here’s the order of your baby’s sleep cycle:

  1. Drowsiness your baby’s droopy eyes is a good indication that they would go into light sleep.
  2. Light sleep this is just your baby relaxing and preparing to enter into quiet sleep.
  3. Quiet sleep or NREM this is the between stage from light and deep sleep where dreams can also happen. In older children this stage of sleep is where sleepwalking and nightmares usually occurs. As for babies, this stage is mostly a non-dream state that is shorter and is well developed in newborns rather than adults.
  4. Deep sleep by this time your baby will be deep into sleeping and is actually dreaming.
  5. Dream or REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep most babies spend 50%-80% of their bedtime on REM sleep. Premature babies spend a lot more time in REM sleep than full term babies accounting to 80% compared to 50% of the latter. While an adult dreams for an average of two hours, babies can accumulate a total of eight hours of dream sleep alone.

It’s very important for you to understand the stages of your child’s sleep because that is how you will understand their movements while they have their eyes shut.

Babies in REM sleep tend to have the occasional twitch, irregular breathing and eyes darting back and forth under the eyelids while having their bodies completely still. During quiet sleep or NREM, babies will have deep and regular breathing. However, you may notice your babies give a start, move their arms, legs or suddenly suck their fingers or do similar actions during this time, but these movements known as hypnagogic startles and are very normal. Sometimes, your babies will even open their eyes and look like they’re already awake but actually they’re not. They are still truly asleep and only need a minute or two to get back to their sleeping cycle. Don’t disturb your babies right away and let them sleep by themselves.

Usually, after entering REM sleep, your babies will go back again to the deep sleep cycle and quiet sleep before waking up. Unlike adults, who have an average 90 minutes sleep cycle (though it varies through the night), your baby will have a complete sleep cycle of about 50 minutes.

So now that you know exactly how your baby sleeps, the next thing to do would be to develop good sleeping habits and bedtime routines for them to ensure that they get to enjoy a good night’s sleep and that you get enough sleep too.

How Not to Sabotage Your Sleep Training Efforts

child sleeping peacefully in a single/twin bed with bright blue bedrails on both sides
shows white panel bedroom suite with stripped red bed covers and a teddy bear, plus matching trundle bed
A bed that your child will be comfortable moving to, but that will last many years and be comfortable for you to sit or lie on too, is a great choice, when it's time for your child to move to a room of her own.

When it comes to sleeping arrangement for an infant or a toddler, there are generally two camps: those who prefer to have their baby sleep in the crib or a cradle and those who opt to have a superkingsize mattress for a family bed. Both sides have good reasons for deciding one way or another– convenience, safety, closer bonding, etc. And yet, there comes a time when every parent gets to ask: when does a baby sleep in a youth bed?

Parenting authorities and publications may have various opinions on this, but the bottomline is that each family is different. For instance, some may decide to move the baby to his or her own bed right after weaning from breastfeeding. Others may wait until the child has become agile enough to be able to get in and out of bed on his own. Still others may decide to just preserve the status quo until the child simply grows too big to sleep with the parents, or when another sibling is in the way.

Note that there are certain cultures in which co-sleeping is the norm rather than the exception.

There are various means to success when training your child to sleep on his or her own bed. Much like other milestones such as toilet training, walking or talking, children reach the right level of readiness at different times. Be prepared to be very patient and understanding during the process; some firmness is of course essential, but never be punitive or belittling.

We compiled some tips from veteran parents who have (give or take a learning experience or two) successfully navigated the pitfalls of sleep training:

child sleeping peacefully in a single/twin bed with bright blue bedrails on both sides
Bed rails can help keep your child safe when he first moves to his own bed (and also provide something for you to lean against if you're lying in their with him sometimes!)
  • Prepare your child for the eventuality of sleeping alone on his or her own bed way ahead of time. If time allows, do this months in advance, so that your child understands that it is a necessary and inevitable process rather than something you just arbitrarily decided. You can even make it an exciting event by picking out a new bed and then saving up for it together – carefully timing it so that you just happen to have enough when you think he or she is ready to start sleeping solo.
  • If you are not getting a new bed, you can do the same process with the bed linens, the pillows, or a cool night light, really just about anything that makes it more of an accomplishment. That way, your child will see the event as a challenge rather than something to be dreaded.
  • Once your child has started to sleep in his or her own bed, discourage regression. For instance, if your child is sick and needs extra cuddling and attention during the night, sleep in your child’s bed rather than letting him or her back in your marital bed. Doing the latter will just make it harder and more confusing. This is one good reason to opt for a full-size double mattress and bed frame if your child’s bedroom can accommodate it, rather than an easily-outgrown cot.

 

Tips For Helping Your Toddler Sleep

The No-Cry Sleep Solution for Toddlers and Preschoolers: Gentle Ways to Stop Bedtime Battles and Improve Your Child's Sleep, Elizabeth Pantley Author of The No Cry Sleep Solution,

The No-Cry Sleep Solution for Toddlers and Preschoolers: Gentle Ways to Stop Bedtime Battles and Improve Your Child's Sleep, Elizabeth Pantley Author of The No Cry Sleep Solution,Getting my 2-year-old to sleep was one of the most daunting challenges I ever had to face. It seemed that his energy picked up exactly at the wrong time. With that aside, handling the tantrums that came with waking up in the middle of the night and transitioning back into a peaceful sleep was another issue altogether.

It was time to do some research to find out how to get over this hurdle in his development. With a bit of consultation and advice from my own mother, tips from other experienced mothers and some Internet research, here are a few tips I found that can help your toddler sleep better.

Create a regular sleep cycle/routine

With toddlers, it’s all in the regularity of what happens at sleep time. If you child grows to expect nap time as part of his regular daily activities then rather than fight it afresh each time it comes up, he goes to sleep more willingly which means less stress and better sleep for longer periods. Try creating a pattern such as a slow down period of reading books and perhaps singing quiet songs before naps, and a longer routine before bedtime such as dinner, then a nice bath, followed by brushing of teeth then maybe you can allow your toddler to pick out a nice storybook and his pajamas, as it can make him more willing to participate if he feels involved.

Allow comfort objects in bed

Does your toddler have a favorite blankie or teddy? Let him bring it to bed. If there is any way to make bedtime more pleasant and easier, then make the most of it. At this stage of life, it is a well known fact that comfort is one of the most important needs that one can satisfy in their toddler.

In some instances, co-sleeping is the ultimate form of comfort a parent can provide for their toddler. If a child wakes up in the middle of the night due to nightmares or just for a normal break, it helps to know that someone they trust is nearby and helps them transition back into sleep much faster and more peacefully.

IMPORTANT NOTE: When it comes to comfort objects, pick items that won’t pose a health risk. Teddy bears and other toys may pose a choking hazard if they’re too small or may cause bruises if they have rough/sharp parts. In other instances, blankets and teddy bears may cause respiratory problems if they shed. Allergies to fabric or materials used to make the comfort objects also need to be taken into account. And these objects should be left out of bed when your child is still a baby.

Regulate what your baby has at dinner or for snacks before bed

Sugar only serves to raise the energy levels that are supposed to be bundled up at bedtime. The level of sensitivity to sugar and caffeine for toddlers is such that even healthy yet sugary foods should be avoided before bedtime. This includes fruits and vegetables and sweet nuts. Natural juices should also be checked for sugar levels to avoid giving baby a fresh jumpstart right when he should be settling down. Try warm milk with dinner instead of juice.

These are just some of the simple I learned for how to get your baby to sleep through the night.

Our guest writer for this post, Mary, is a mother of two and a regular blogger at Miracle Maternity

Your Baby’s Sleep: Swaddling Newborns

sleeping baby wrapped in a Cocooi Babywrap Newborn Baby Swaddle and Cap, Natural Color,
sleeping baby wrapped in a Cocooi Babywrap Newborn Baby Swaddle and Cap, Natural Color,
Cocooi Babywrap Newborn Baby Swaddle and Cap, 100% Natural Soft Merino Wool

Swaddling newborns is an excellent way to make them feel safe and secure. Swaddling is the method of snugly and firmly wrapping your baby in a blanket or wrap. There are quite a few benefits of swaddling.

Why swaddle?

Firstly the baby is used to the snug environment inside the mother’s womb and will take a while to get used to the space outside. A newborn does not even recognize his own hands and might have problems sleeping with his hands in front of his face. He also has a ‘startle reflex’, where the arms suddenly jerk out from the body, which can wake up an unswaddled baby. This startle reflex will gradually subside over the first few months of your baby’s life.

How to swaddle your newborn

Swaddling babies is easy to do. There are a few methods. The basic one involves using a square baby blanket which is not so thick as to be either too hot or too bulky (it will be wrapped around baby a couple of times). A muslin wrap is good in warmer weather. In order to swaddle your baby, put a baby blanket or wrap on a flat surface, such as a bed. Fold the top corner just a few inches and lie your baby in the middle of the blanket with her head on the fold. Now wrap the right side of the blanket over the baby and tuck the end under her left side, under her left arm. Then take the left end and wrap it around the baby as well, tuck it under her right side under the baby’s back. Now fold the bottom up and wrap it the corners around behind her shoulders. Remember to not wrap the baby too tightly; swaddling is supposed to be cozy and warm. But make sure her arms are securely held.

When swaddling your newborn you must take into account the level of wrapping when deciding what (if any) other baby bedding is necessary.

The following video shows another way of swaddling newborns with the wrap shifted to the diagonal.

When to stop swaddling

After two to three months your baby’s startle reflex will have diminished and swaddling should gradually be discontinued. You can start by either keeping one arm of your baby out of the wrap or not wrapping the legs. Often it is at this point that you will move your baby from a moses basket or bassinette into a crib, as baby cribs have more room to flail around those arms once they are unwrapped.

Swaddling blankets for babies

There are a number of different kinds of baby swaddling blankets available that make swaddling even easier. There is a wide variety of baby sleeping bags and wraps available that are quite comfortable and cozy for babies. The Cocooi Babywrap Newborn Baby Swaddle from Merino Kids of New Zealand is an excellent example. It absorbs and releases moisture to regulate the baby’s temperature and does not let it get too hot or too cold. The fabric is 100% natural, merino wool, very comfortable and hypoallergenic. It has a pouch for your baby’s legs and long “arms” that wrap around holding your baby snugly. All in all it is an excellent product, it makes swaddling your baby very easy and keeps it warm and safe. The Cocooi Newborn Sleep Bag is an option if you need to keep your baby’s arms out to transfer your baby between the crib, stroller and car seat.

The miracle blanket is a similar product to the Cocooi swaddle. Being made of cotton instead of merino wool it doesn’t have the same temperature regulating benefits, but it is priced significantly lower.

Many other baby swaddling wraps are available, but simple muslin or cotton blankets are also perfectly fine.

Your Baby’s Sleep: from Birth to Six Months

Cover of The Baby Book, by William and Martha SearsThe difference between a well-rested child and a sleep-deprived one is quite significant.  Well-rested babies are more quiet, behaved and pleasant to be with.  Ironically, sleep-deprived ones turn more boisterous and hyperactive than usual – unlike adults who have low energy levels with little sleep.  This article will provide you with facts about your baby, and his sleeping patterns and needs from birth to six months.

In newborns, the internal clock that regulates sleep has yet to develop. They sleep between 16 to 20 hours a day, with no distinction between day and night.  It is up to the parents to teach them the difference: daytime is for playing and other activities while night time is for sleep and rest.  You can do this by exposing him to the noise of daily household activities during the day and keeping lighting and other stimulation to a minimum when it is time to settle down for the night.

For the first few weeks, newborns should be awakened for feedings every three to four hours; at least until an adequate weight gain is established.  After the initial period, babies learn to wake up whenever hungry and can be allowed to sleep through the night.  It must be made clear though, that for newborns, sleeping through the night generally means sleeping straight for about four to five hours at a stretch.  This basically depends on length of time that they can go without feedings, which isn’t long because of their small tummies.  The less frequently they wake up during the night, the more often they would feed during the day.

By three to six months, your baby will be sleeping for about five hours during daytime and ten hours at night, although this will still be punctuated by feedings every so often.  Do not rush to pick him up as soon as he makes a sound – try to let him put himself back to sleep.  Unless he is cold, or hungry or wet give him a minute or two to settle back down.  Sometimes during light sleep, babies make some noises that make it seem as if they are awake although they are not. If you do need to comfort him, make it clear that you are only helping him go back to sleep.  Do not play, or talk or turn on the lights.  You can try making soothing sounds, or patting him lightly on the back.

Start establishing a sleep routine at this time to foster good sleeping patterns.  A sleeping routine is a consistent series of activities that lead towards going to bed for sleep.  Some parents start off with a warm bath and a change into sleep clothes, then a feeding and a half-hour of quiet play (which can also be a good chance for bonding time with  daddy who has been stuck in the office for the whole day), wrapping in a favourite baby blanket, then lights out.

This article was witten by Joana Chrystal Ventura-Moises.  She is a work-at-home mom, a registered nurse and a resident expert on plumbing and shower screen installations.

Elizabeth Pantley has more child and baby sleep tips for you.

Kids Bedroom Furniture: Tips On Choosing Beds & Bunks For Kids

Attractive dark wooden bunk bed with staircase and trundle
Attractive dark wooden bunk bed with staircase and trundle
The Merlot Twin Staircase Bunk Bed with Trundle has a five star customer rating on Amazon

Sleep is such an important part of life for children. Many children suffer from a lack of good sleep and the results are not fun for anyone- cranky kids can be whiny or even hyper. They don’t perform as well in school as rested kids and they tend to leave their parents feeling frustrated and exhausted. For many kids, a new and exciting bed might be enough to make going to sleep a lot more appealing. Here are some tips on choosing good beds for kids.

One of the most exciting options is getting bunk beds for kids. Kids love to climb up on top and today’s bunk beds are a lot safer than they used to be, although you still have to follow the instructions and age guidelines set by the manufacturer. This is perfect for kids who share a room and it’s also a great way to save some space because you don’t have to place two beds side by side or use a double bed in the room. For this reason, bunk beds have maintained their popularity in kids bedroom furniture for many years. A captains bed provides a similar space saving function, with it’s drawers underneath.

One rendition of the bunk bed that can be adapted to rooms where only one child sleeps is the loft bed. The child still gets to enjoy all the fun of climbing up to the top bunk to go to sleep while you get the benefits of saving floor space in the room. Instead of having another bed in the bottom, a loft bed has a piece of furniture under it such as a desk or some drawers or cabinets. Sometimes kids with small rooms are forced to do their homework on the bed, which isn’t an ideal situation and not good for their backs either. With this type of kids bedroom furniture, the child has their own space to work that is separate from their bed.

Another variation on the bunk bed is the L shaped low-line bunk. In this case the top bunk is only around a 120cm (4 feet) off the ground, and the bottom bunk only has one end under the top bunk. This is the system we used when our three year old moved in with her older brother (aged 7). We felt that having a full size bunk bed was simply not safe with a three year old sharing the room, but couldn’t fit two beds in the room without removing all the other furniture. With this system not only could we manage the two beds, but the half of the top bunk not over the bottom bed had space under it for a good size set of drawers, and room at the back for a kid to hide!

On the down side, changing the sheets on the bottom bunk in this system was even harder than for a normal bunk bed, as the foot end of the bottom bunk only has about a one foot clearance under the top bunk! However, the two beds are completely structurally separate, so eventually we will be able to move the top bed into a separate room and use it as a loft bed, with lots of storage space under, making the set a good long term investment for our kid’s rooms.

Theme beds are popular with toddlers who are moving from the crib to their first “big kid” bed. This can be a scary and confusing time for your young one so getting a fun bed can really help make it something to look forward to. Princess beds are a lot of fun for girls. Boys can’t seem to get enough of the toddler beds shaped like cars and trains. These beds usually have removable sides that keep toddlers from rolling out until they are old enough to sleep in the bed without barriers.

Buying your kid the right bed will pay off for you and your family because you won’t be dealing with a tired kid and you will even get more sleep yourself! Take the time to choose a well-made bed that appeals to your child and you will be rewarded for your efforts. Choosing kids bedroom furniture that works for your house and your children can be time consuming, but in the end, it’s worth getting it right.

Eight Sleep Tips for Every Child, from Elizabeth Pantley

The no cry sleep solution

Editor’s note: I discovered Elizabeth Pantley through this review of The No Cry Nap Solution. See below for links for purchasing more Elizabeth Pantley books in the UK.

The no cry sleep solutionUp to 70% of children under age five have sleep problems. Sleep issues are complicated and have many causes. They are hard to deal with because when children aren’t sleeping, parents aren’t sleeping, and that lack of sleep affects every minute of every day for every person in the family because lack of sleep isn’t just about being tired. Sleep has a role in everything ~~ dawdling, temper tamtrums, hyperactivity, growth, health, and even learning to tie his shoes and recite the ABCs. Sleep Affects Everything.

The following ideas are of value to almost any sleeper, of any age. These tips can bring improvement not only in your child’s sleep, but also in her daytime mood and last, but not least – improvements in your own sleep and outlook as well.

# 1  Maintain a consistent bedtime and awaking time.

Your child’s biological clock has a strong influence on her wakefulness and sleepiness. When you establish a set time for bedtime and wake up time you “set” your child’s clock so that it functions smoothly.  Aim for an early bedtime. Young children respond best with a bedtime between 6:30 and 7:30 P.M. Most children will sleep better and longer when they go to bed early.

# 2  Encourage regular daily naps.

Daily naps are important. An energetic child can find it difficult to go through the day without a rest break. A nap-less child will often wake up cheerful and become progressively fussier or hyper-alert as the day goes on. Also, the length and quality of naps affects night sleep – good naps equal better night sleep.

# 3  Set your child’s biological clock.

Take advantage of your child’s biology so that he’s actually tired when bedtime arrives. Darkness causes an increase in the release of the body’s sleep hormone — the biological “stop” button. You can align your child’s sleepiness with bedtime by dimming the lights during the hour before bedtime.   Exposing your child to morning light is pushing the “go” button in her brain — one that says, “Time to wake up and be active.” So keep your mornings bright!

# 4  Develop a consistent bedtime routine.

Routines create security. A consistent, peaceful bedtime routine allows your child to transition from the motion of the day to the tranquil state of sleep.  An organized routine helps you coordinate the specifics: bath, pajamas, tooth-brushing. It helps you to function on auto-pilot at the time when you are most tired and least creative.

# 5  Create a cozy sleep environment.

Where your child sleeps can be a key to quality sleep. Make certain the mattress is comfortable, the blankets are warm, the room temperature is right, pajamas are comfy, and the bedroom is welcoming.

# 6  Provide the right nutrition.

Foods can affect energy level and sleepiness. Carbohydrates can have a calming effect on the body, while foods high in protein or sugar generate alertness, particularly when eaten alone. A few ideas for pre-bed snacks are: whole wheat toast and cheese, bagel and peanut butter, oatmeal with bananas, or yogurt and low-sugar granola.   Vitamin deficiencies due to unhealthy food choices can affect a child’s sleep. Provide your child with a daily assortment of healthy foods.

# 7 Help your child to be healthy and fit.

Many children don’t get enough daily physical activity. Too much TV watching and a lack of activity prevents good sleep. Children who get ample daily exercise fall asleep more quickly, sleep better, stay asleep longer, and wake up feeling refreshed.   Avoid activity in the hour before bedtime though, since exercise is stimulating – they’ll be jumping on the bed instead of sleeping in it!

# 8 Teach your child how to relax.

Many children get in bed but aren’t sure what to do when they get there! It can help to follow a soothing pre-bed routine that creates sleepiness. A good pre-bed ritual is story time. A child who is listening to a parent read a book or tell a tale will tend to lie still and listen. This quiet stillness allows him to become sleepy.
Work with these eight ideas and you’ll see improvements in your child’s sleep, and yours too.

Excerpted with permission by McGraw-Hill Publishing from The No-Cry Sleep Solution (McGraw-Hill 2002).

More books by Elizabeth Pantley

What is a TOG rating? What should my baby wear?

A Tog rating is a European warmth rating. With few exceptions, the sleeping bags for sale on this site have Tog ratings. That is because the rating tells you very clearly exactly how warm the sleeping bag is – something now always obvious by touch alone. While adult duvets usually come with tog ratings of up to 9.5, baby sleeping bags are generally between 0.5, for very hot weather, to 2.5 for winter weather.

The following gives you a general idea of which rating to choose and how to dress your baby under the sleeping bag, however this is a guide only. You should always be led by your baby’s temperature. You should check your baby regularly to be sure they don’t overheat, and don’t add blankets to the sleeping bag.

What to wear:

Tog 2.5
Suitable for a nursery temperature of 16-20 degrees.
At 20 degrees baby will need only a long sleeve bodysuit. At 16 degrees you should add a full sleep suit or pajama set over the top of the bodysuit.

Tog 1.0
Suitable for nursery temperature of 20-24 degrees.
At 24 degrees a short-sleeved body suit will be sufficient. At 20 degrees at a pajama top.

Tog 0.5

Suitable for very hot weather, and a nursery temperature of 24-27 degrees.
A short-sleeved body suit will be suitable under the Tog 0.5 at 26 degrees.